Inventory reference ISSN 1812-7231 Klin.inform.telemed. Volume 10, Issue 11, 2014, Pages 21–31
Author(s) K. G. Mazhirina1, 3, M. V. Rezakova2, M. A. Pokrovskiy1, 3, A. A. Savelov2, M. B. Shtark1, 3
1Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Russia 2Research Instititue "International Tomographic Centre", SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Russia 3Company "Biofeedback Computer Systems", Novosibirsk, Russia
Article title Central self-regulation mechanisms: fMRI study
Introduction. The brain was mapped on-line using fMRI technology in the process of the development of self-regulation skills, controlled physiological characteristics.
Purpose. In this paper we present the results of the fMRI study of intracerebral dynamics of self-regulation skills development.
Results and discussion. The dynamics of new neural networks leave a trail of activity zones in the Middle Occipital Gyrus, Middle Temporal Gyrus, Middle Frontal Gyrus, Inferior Parietal Lobule and Declive, that are functionally related to cognitive actions and operations. We discuss the qualitative characteristics of the real and the imitation game periods. If one attempts to make a temporal "road map" of the real cognitive control of a virtual competitive game, the sequence of brain structures involvement is as follows: initially the extensive cortical fields are involved, then the area of the cuneus and the precuneus, and only after that the cognitive route reaches the cerebellum.
Conclusion. Summing up the discussion on the use of real feedback or its imitation, it should be noted that the effects of media training are not necessarily only limited to an increase or decrease of the RR interval length, and as a result, the acquisition of self-regulation skill. In the context of the study, the concept of perfecting may be possibly more informative, which correlates not only with the category of the game's aim (learning to reduce the heart rate), but also with the category of means (methods and strategies of self-control), allowing one to reach a goal. Indeed, if the same result can be achieved with less exertion of the body's regulatory systems, with greater confidence and flexibility, such as in the case of real feedback, it is reasonable to accept these characteristics of a completed task as signs of improvement.
Keywords Self-regulation, Functional magnetic resonance tomography, Biofeedback technology, Neuroimaging, Cognitive and personality characteristics
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